The Boston Children's Hospital Computational Health Informatics Program (CHIP), founded in 1994, is a multidisciplinary applied research and education program. Our faculty advance the science of biomedical informatics for molecular characterization of the patient, gene discovery, medical decision making, diagnosis, therapeutic selection, care redesign, public health management, population health, and re-imagined clinical trials. Biomedical informatics has become a major theme and methodology for biomedical science, health care delivery, and population health, involving high-dimensional modeling and understanding of patients from the molecular to the population levels. The field is inherently interdisciplinary, drawing on traditional biomedical disciplines, the science and technology of computing, data science, biostatistics, epidemiology, decision theory, omics, implementation science, and health care policy and management. CHIP faculty are trained in medicine, data science, computer science, mathematics and epidemiology. Though CHIP has a robust pediatric research agenda, our contributions span across all ages. CHIP is a collaborating program with the Department of Biomedical Informatics at Harvard Medical School.

The Program’s innovations have transformed the landscape of big data in health care, the use of AI in clinical decision making, and the IT strategies of commercial enterprises. CHIP discoveries and inventions have been widely adopted by technology companies such as: Apple, Microsoft, Google and Amazon.

Leading projects include the SMART on FHIR “app store for health”, the cTAKES pipeline for computerized “reading” of clinical text, the HealthMap global surveillance system, and the federated data sharing Genomic Information Commons.

CHIP software is reading millions of doctors’ notes across sites of care and surfacing key insights about adverse medication effects. CHIP research has strongly influenced public policy from vaccine recommendations to health IT provisions in the 21st Century Cures Act to paradigm shifts in data provisioning by CMS. CHIP’s biosurveillance computational platforms have found the earliest signals of Ebola outbreaks. On the basis of these advances, Health 2.0 voted Boston Children's Hospital the 10 Year Global Retrospective Top Influencer among all health care organizations.

Publications

Zhang A, Teng L, Alterovitz G. An explainable machine learning platform for pyrazinamide resistance prediction and genetic feature identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2020.

Geva A, Stedman JP, Manzi SF, Lin C, Savova GK, Avillach P, Mandl KD. Adverse drug event presentation and tracking (ADEPT): semiautomated, high throughput pharmacovigilance using real-world data. JAMIA open 2020.

Börcsök J, Sztupinszki Z, Bekele R, Gao SP, Diossy M, Samant AS, Dillon KM, Tisza V, Spisák S, Rusz O, Csabai I, Pappot H, Frazier ZJ, Konieczkowski DJ, Liu D, Vasani N, Rodrigues JA, Solit DB, Hoffman-Censits JH, Plimack ER, Rosenberg JE, Lazaro JB, Taplin ME, Iyer G, Brunak S, Lozsa R, Van Allen EM, Szüts D, Mouw KW, Szallasi Z. Identification of a synthetic lethal relationship between nucleotide excision repair (NER) deficiency and irofulven sensitivity in urothelial cancer. Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020.

Gokuldass A, Draghi A, Papp K, Borch TH, Nielsen M, Westergaard MCW, Andersen R, Schina A, Bol KF, Chamberlain CA, Presti M, Met Ö, Harbst K, Lauss M, Soraggi S, Csabai I, Szállási Z, Jönsson G, Svane IM, Donia M. Qualitative Analysis of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes across Human Tumor Types Reveals a Higher Proportion of Bystander CD8 T Cells in Non-Melanoma Cancers Compared to Melanoma. Cancers 2020.

Perera G, Rijnbeek PR, Alexander M, Ansell D, Avillach P, Duarte-Salles T, Gordon MF, Lapi F, Mayer MA, Pasqua A, Pedersen L, van Der Lei J, Visser PJ, Stewart R. Vascular and metabolic risk factor differences prior to dementia diagnosis: a multidatabase case-control study using European electronic health records. BMJ open 2020.